Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread
beyond pelvic organs.
When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions — abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other.
Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis may include:
- PAINFUL PERIODS (DYSMENORRHEA). Pelvic pain and cramping may begin before your period and extend several days into your period. You may also have lower back and abdominal pain.
- PAIN WITH INTERCOURSE. Pain during or after sex is common with endometriosis.
- PAIN WITH BOWEL MOVEMENTS OR URINATION. You’re most likely to experience these symptoms during your period.
- EXCESSIVE BLEEDING. You may experience occasional heavy periods (menorrhagia) or bleeding between periods (menometrorrhagia).
- INFERTILITY. Endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for infertility.
An early diagnosis, a multidisciplinary medical team and an understanding of your diagnosis may result in better management of your symptoms.
The main complication of endometriosis is impaired fertility
2. OVARIAN CANCER
Ovarian cancer does occur at higher than expected rates in women with endometriosis. But the overall lifetime risk of ovarian cancer is low to begin with TREATMENT trying conservative treatment approaches first, opting for surgery if initial treatment fails.
VARIOUS MODALITIES OF TREATMENT DEPENDS UPON THE TYPE,STAGE,LOCATION
AND SEVERITY OF SYMPTOMS
- MEDICAL TREATMENT (PAIN RELIEF)
- HARMONAL TREATMENT
- CONSERVATIVE SURGERY
- FERTILITY ENHANCING SURGERY